Trains will be sorted in many distinct classes, separated by the method their locomotives area unit hopped-up, their use, and by the look of their tracks.
Types of locomotives
Steam locomotives – A steam locomotive is a type of railway locomotive that produces its pulling power through a steam engine.These locomotives are fueled by burning combustible material – usually coal, wood, or oil – to produce steam in a boiler. The steam moves reciprocating pistons which are mechanically connected to the locomotive’s main wheels (drivers). Both fuel and water supplies are carried with the locomotive, either on the locomotive itself or in wagons (tenders) pulled behind. The first steam locomotive, made by Richard Trevithick, first operated on 21 February 1804, three years after the road locomotive he made in 1801. The first practical steam locomotive was created in 1812–13 by John Blenkinsop. Built by George Stephenson and his son Robert’s company Robert Stephenson and Company, the Locomotion No. 1 is the first steam locomotive to carry passengers on a public rail line, the Stockton and Darlington Railway in 1825.From the instant Matthew Murray created initial locomotive engine, the globe of trains modified forever. this kind of propulsion disappeared solely once Diesel engines became undeniably cheaper and reliable.
All Controls of Steam Engine:
- Fire chamber
- Water (inside the boiler)
- Smoke box
- Steam dome
- Safety valve
- Regulator valve
- Super heater (in smoke box)
- Blast pipe
- Valve gear
- Regulator rod
- Drive frame
- Rear Pony truck
- Front Pony truck
- Bearing and axle box
- Leaf spring
- Brake shoe
- Air brake pump
- Front Center coupler
Diesel locomotives – A diesel locomotive is a type of railway locomotive in which the prime mover is a diesel engine. Several types of diesel locomotive have been developed, differing mainly in the means by which mechanical power is conveyed to the driving wheels,With the lowering costs of fuel, and also the increasing industrial pressure for transporting ever larger amounts of coal and product, internal-combustion engine locomotives became the predominant selection for trains once the tip of WW2. nowadays they’re largely used in combination to electrical engines.Power transmission was a primary concern. As opposed to steam and electric engines, internal combustion engines work efficiently only within a limited range of turning frequencies. In light vehicles, this could be overcome by a clutch. In heavy railway vehicles, mechanical transmission never worked well or wore out too soon. Experience with early gasoline powered locomotives and railcars was valuable for the development of diesel traction. One step towards diesel–electric transmission was the petrol-electric vehicle, such as the Acsev Weitzer railmotor, which could operate from batteries and electric overhead wires too.
Electric locomotives – An electric locomotive is a locomotive powered by electricity from overhead lines, a third rail or on-board energy storage such as a battery or fuel cell. Electric locomotives with on-board fueled prime movers, such as diesel engines or gas turbines, are classed as diesel-electric or gas turbine-electric locomotives because the electric generator/motor combination serves only as a power transmission system. Electricity is used to eliminate smoke and take advantage of the high efficiency of electric motors, but the cost of electrification means that usually only heavily used lines can be electrified.Advances in electrical grid infrastructure and electric engine manufacture enabled trains to adopt wattage collectively of the foremost reliable sources of propulsion. nowadays electrical trains will be found all over, from town transit trains, subways, trams, to high speed public transit trains.
Types of rails
Common railway – From the first moments that steam engines started rolling across the fields of England, commonplace configuration of railway began spreading across the globe. Today, they’ll be found virtually all over.
Electrified railway – Even though electrical locomotives were introduced to the general public from the first 1800s, they became increasingly popular only after the introduction of alternating current toward the end of that century.
High speed rail – Advances in railway and train technologies enabled technicians to style new kind of railway that’s optimized for high speeds and smooth driving. These railways will be found in several high-speed train networks, particularly in Japan, France and European nation.
Maglev – In distant 1937 German inventor Hermann Kemper patented railroad line that uses power of the magnets to produce support for traveling locomotive and its trains. these days this technique is usually used for very expensive and high-speed railway lines.
Monorail – Monorail railways that aren’t using maglev style are these days most frequently employed in urban environments, with slow trains and trams that transport typically solely individuals.Having dated back to one of the first tramways of India, this is one of the latest types of transport in the most developed regions in India. Monorail is the big project to expand the public transport where there are more working people and crowded population.
Types of trains
Freight train – primarily any train that’s not carrying passengers. Its cars will be used for storing Variety of product, from solid things to liquids and gasses. Majority of the globe railway network is employed for industrial use.Like the name suggests they are used to transport large amount of goods including coal, fish, vegetables, etc. In olden times they were used by people who were migrating from one state to another to transport their household furniture, vehicles, etc. They are usually for long –distance trains like inter – state travel.
Inter-city trains – Public transportation trains, largely designed for safe travel low speeds at each land based mostly railways and underground subway lines.These are the cheapest and slowest trains of India having stops at all the stations. Generally these trains have unreserved class but some night trains have sleeper and AC compartments also.
Rapid transit – High Speed trains that are specially created with efficient style that gives as very little air resistance as doable. Trains created with this technology are able to do speeds of up to 300 km/h.
Short and Long distance trains – this kind of trains is usually used for traveling between cities and countries, equipped with sleeping cars, eating cars and every one necessary things that are required to service passengers on their longer journeys.
Trams – Slow public transportation trains,powered by electricity and virtually completely employed in extremely engorged urban zones.These date back to the British times at the time of India’s independence. They originated in the city of Kolkata which was back then known as Calcutta. These electric operating trams are more like trolleys, streetcars, etc. Trams are shorter versions of trains. They have their tramways across and along with the roadways.
Mine trains – Special train types that are used for underground excavations of rock and coal. they’re durable, small, and capable of hauling product in very harsh and incommodious